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Carbon Pricing in Canadian Provinces: First, why have some Canadian provinces adopted carbon pricing instruments, either a cap-and-trade or a carbon tax, while others have not? And, second, of the provinces that have adopted carbon pricing, how can we explain differences in the design of their carbon pricing instruments? These provinces are l’utilisation du domaine public dissertation the ones in which the premier has shown a personal commitment to the issue of climate change: Among provinces that have l’utilisation du domaine public dissertation carbon-pricing, climate policy is framed as providing l’utilisation du domaine public dissertation economic benefits through the creation of carbon markets and fostering investments in the renewable energy industry and other green technologies.

In order to adopt carbon pricing instruments, both the diffusion of ACC and l’utilisation du domaine public dissertation environmentalism, along with the building early on of climate policy capacity, are necessary conditions. While some provinces, such as Quebec in imposing a cap-and-trade system, have been willing to go well beyond what their industries have been ready to accept, at least initially, others have adopted carbon pricing instruments designed to match closely the policy preferences of their most important GHG emitting industry.

Tracing provincial climate change policy-making process through the two stages of the public lsis business plan of carbon pricing proposal and their adoption shows the political contingency of carbon pricing mechanisms being adopted.

Les autorisations d’occupation du domaine public. Il s’agit d’un contrat administratif qui autorise une occupation privative du domaine public en échange et révocable d’occupation du domaine public avec emprise au sol, qui est accordée contre paiement Il s’agit d’une autorisation précaire et révocable d’occupation du domaine public sans emprise au sol.

Carbon pricing instruments are adopted in different contexts—but in all cases they are adopted when political conditions facilitate their adoption. Facilitating political contexts are 1 majority governments headed by premiers committed to carbon pricing instruments; and 2 governments enjoying an interparty consensus around the desirability of carbon pricing, l’utilisation du domaine public dissertation led to a low electoral salience of the issue of carbon pricing.

As an example of the second, minority governments that enjoy interparty consensus around the desirability of carbon pricing—for example, Quebec—can adopt carbon pricing instruments during minority government periods. The absence of l’utilisation du domaine public dissertation condition makes carbon pricing instruments unlikely.

In the Canadian context, three provinces have multiparty systems prone to minority governments: Quebec, Ontario, and Nova Scotia. Both Quebec and Ontario pledged to implement essay on food labelling WCI-inspired cap-and-trade system and experienced minority governments in recent years.

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However, carbon pricing was not an electoral issue in Quebec, given the consensus that existed on the implementation of cap-and-trade among the l’utilisation du domaine public dissertation political parties.

In the case of Ontario, such interparty consensus does not exist and carbon pricing became an electoral issue in the election. Along with other taxation and energy issues, current business plan of tesco cap-and-trade system.

A comparison among the cases of Quebec, British Columbia, Alberta and Ontario shows the importance of the political context in the adoption of carbon pricing instruments, insofar as adoption which appears to be much more vulnerable in what is essay writing with a fragmented multiparty system. Moreover, if the interparty consensus in Quebec is compromised and another minority government elected it could jeopardized current carbon pricing policy.

Considering now the final stage of the climate policy-making process—the design of the carbon pricing wichygang.000webhostapp.com pricing instruments have designed their carbon pricing instruments so as not to constrain the profit-making capacity of the oil and gas sector. In British Columbia and Manitoba, the growth of the oil and gas sector appears to have prevented these two provinces from l’utilisation du domaine public dissertation adopting the cap-and-trade system l’utilisation du domaine public dissertation through the Western Climate Initiative WCI.

By contrast, Quebec has resisted the development of shale gas and proceeded with the adoption and implementation of its cap-and-trade system in the framework of the WCI. It finds that public opinion majority support does not explain the adoption of carbon ohrid lake essay

Carbon pricing instruments have been implemented in provinces with high Quebec but also low Alberta levels of support for these policies. Furthermore, carbon pricing instruments have not always been l’utilisation du domaine public dissertation in provinces with relatively high level of public support such as Ontario.

Carbon pricing instruments have been supported by right-wing, centrist and left-wing cientipensante.000webhostapp.com political parties, while the BC NDP and the Ontario and federal conservative parties have opposed it.